25. June 2021 was a day that raised controversy among many internationals and Danes. Social media of international communities blasted with news about the new ruling: everyone sharing their for or against opinions, with the majority blaming the government for this decision and Danes showing support for the community of international students.
The new ruling implies that the majority of English-taught programs from academies and university-colleges will be reduced significantly starting summer 2022.
So how did this come to happen...again? To find out we have to take a look in the past.
It started in 2013
Did you know that Danish students receive around 6000 kr per month (before taxes) for just being enrolled in a higher education? This state student grant (or SU) acts as a financial support for a student’s living expenses. And in 2013 the European Union decided that EU/EAA students should receive similar treatment (equal status as Danes) when it comes to SU .
Thus, under the EU ruling of 2013, foreign students can now have a claim to the grant, provided that they work a minimum of 43 hours each month (or 10-12 hours each week). Apart from having a claim to SU grant, they are also entitled to receive the state student loan, or SU-loan.
Initially, the state expected that the SU budget for international students should not exceed 442 mil. kr., a rather realistic amount...or is it? (The Local, 2020)
In 2015, Denmark stepped up foreign student recruitment and established a new Code of Conduct that would encourage international students to choose Denmark for their higher education.
Danish higher education institutions wish to improve and strengthen international cooperation and promote Denmark as an attractive high-quality place of education for international students. - excerpt from the Code of Conduct (2015)
Surprisingly enough, cuts in the education budget came in parallel with the new Code of Conduct. (ICEF Monitor, 2015)
How it developed
Let’s see what has happened since 2013.
While in 2010 there were approximately 300 EU students that received SU, the amount skyrocketed with the 2013 EU ruling, until 13.900 foreign students claimed the grant in 2019.
Remember the budget the Parliament agreed upon in 2013 for SU-spending for foreign students? It turns out that in 2018, 513 mil. kr. were spent on SU for internationals, while the amount increases every year with few more mil. kroner. (The Local, 2020)
And that is not a surprise given that the majority of foreign students come from European countries (45% in 2020!).
Something to remember is also that EU/EAA students do not pay for higher education in Denmark, while the ones outside EU/EAA area do.
SU spending not the only problem
The mere SU-expenses for EU nationals, were not the only cause that nudged the government to reduce the number of English-taught study programs...and 2021 is not the only year it happened.
In 2017, almost 28% of study spots at certain English-taught programs in academies and university colleges have been cut down. This amounts to about 1700 study places.
In 2018 there were further cuts of English-study places in universities and Bachelor of Engineering programs, this time around 1200. (Ministry of Higher Education and Science, 2018).
The Ministry of Higher Education and Science blames this on the fact that many international students (approx. 42%) return to their home countries after they graduate from their Danish education, while only about one third of them actually remain and become employed. This means that too many internationals do not contribute to the Danish economy and leave home with a degree “funded by the Danish taxpayers’ money”. (The Local, 2018)
Here are some statistics concerning employment status of English-speaking graduates in the second year after graduation. (Danske Universiteter, 2020)
In this regard, the initiatives that ensure international students remain in Denmark after graduation were re-evaluated, as well as the quality of English-taught programs. (Ministry of Higher Education and Science, 2018).
Reduction of English-programs in 2021
Now that we have some background information, let’s see what happened this time around.
The SU expenditures for EU/EAA students has increased considerably in recent years. From the original 2013 SU budget stating that the “SU expenses should not exceed 442 million kroner”, the amount has been way overspent and is now expected to reach 576 mil. kr. as early as 2025. And that is despite the previous attempts to reduce study spots for English-speaking students. It has, thus, been agreed that in order to reduce SU expenditure, the admissions at English-taught programs should be cut down.
The political parties involved in the agreement were the Liberal party, the Social Democrats, the Conservatives, the Liberal Alliance, the Danish People’s party and the Socialist People's party.
The focus of this reduction are the English-taught programs in business academies and university colleges. That is because 72% of students at these institutions are English-speaking, while out of these, only 21% manage to find jobs in Denmark after graduation.
Some programs will still remain, as the parliament has agreed not to touch those with a high employment rate after graduation, as well as unique programs or programs highly-relevant at a regional level. After the reduction, a total of approx. 650 English-study spots will remain available at these institutions. (Ministry of Higher Education and Science, 2021)
Here are the programs that will still be available for English-speaking students.
The situation of SU and English-speaking students will be, however, monitored and adjusted as it develops.
What happens to the educational institutions affected by the cut?
They will, of course, be compensated. The parties have agreed to set aside 50 mil.kr. in 2023, 37 mil.kr. in 2024 and 25 mil.kr. in 2025, in order to support them in adapting to the reduction and focus on developing programs in Danish, instead.
What is more, 50 mil.kr. have been reserved as “employment bonus” for those educational institutions that manage to increase the employment rate of their English-speaking graduates.
Lastly, the savings that will result from this reduction, will be instead used towards the recent political agreement on spreading out Danish-education opportunities outside the 4 biggest cities and throughout the whole country. (Ministry of Higher Education and Science, 2021)
Good move or not?
Objectively, the situation is rather understandable and the arguments given by the state are rather strong. On the other hand, the economic contribution international students bring to Denmark should not be completely ignored.
Unfortunately, while there are many international students who are here just for the SU and the unemployment benefits that come after graduation, there are also many Danes that do the same thing...
We at Student Survival Guide, are grateful for having the opportunities we had in our academy/university-college programs. After all, they are the reason we are where we are today.
When this decision comes into effect we can only hope that the situation will be brought under control and Denmark will once again offer as many opportunities to the future generations of international students.
We hope you became wiser by reading this article and if there is any information you wish you would have seen, get in touch with us. Otherwise, we end with some FAQs.
When will the reduction of English-taught programs apply?
The reduction applies starting with the summer intake of 2022.
Will the reduction affect English-taught Master’s programs?
No, English-taught Master’s programs are not cut down under this agreement.
Will the SU grant be affected?
No, international students will continue receiving SU as long as they fulfil the necessary requirements.
How are the current AP students affected?
The current AP students will have much less choices of Top-up bachelor’s programs. An option can be to switch to a bachelor’s program at the university.
Ministry of Higher Education and Science :
Official agreement 2021 (in Danish)
Code of Conduct: Guidelines for Offering Danish Higher Education Programmes to International Students, 2015
Denmark overspends own limit on SU grant for international students, 2020
Denmark to cut places on English-language university programs, 2018
Denmark moving to strengthen international student recruitment, 2015
Tal om danske universiteter 2020-Danske Universiteter
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